Report by Sarah Hickey.
Chances are the information you came here for is the Nimdzi 100 Ranking, which is presented in the table below. The ranking is based on revenue and lists the top 100 largest language service providers worldwide.
|wdt_ID||Rank||Company||Country||2021 Revenue (USD million)||Note||Main business|
|1||1||TransPerfect||United States||1,110.0||v||translation, life sciences, legal|
|2||2||RWS||United Kingdom||955.3||FY||translation, patents, life sciences, IT|
|3||3||LanguageLine Solutions||United States||750.0||v||interpreting, translation & localization, healthcare, government|
|4||4||Keywords Studios||Ireland||596.9||v||video game services|
|5||5||Lionbridge||United States||545.9||v||translation, life sciences, technology, legal, games & entertainment|
|6||6||Iyuno-SDI Group||United States||450.0||v||media localization|
|8||8||translate plus||United Kingdom||353.4||v||translation, dubbing, manufacturing, marketing|
|9||9||Acolad Group||France||307.3||v||translation & localization, manufacturing, life sciences, government|
|10||10||Welocalize||United States||299.0||v||translation & localization, data & AI, technology, legal, life sciences|
|11||11||Hogarth Worldwide||United Kingdom||260.0||v||communications company, localization|
|12||12||Poletowin Pitcrew Holdings||Japan||243.4||FY||translation, video game services|
|13||13||STAR Group||Switzerland||195.8||v||translation & localization, platform licensing, automotive & aviation, manufacturing|
|14||14||Pactera EDGE||United States||193.0||v||localization, data curation, global experiences|
|15||15||Pixelogic Media||United States||186.0||e||media localization|
|16||16||AMN Language Services||United States||181.0||FY||interpreting, healthcare|
|17||17||CyraCom International||United States||174.8||v||interpreting, translation, healthcare, insurance, government|
|18||18||Translation Bureau||Canada||153.3||v||translation & localization, interpreting, government|
|19||19||President Translation Service Group International (PTSGI)||Taiwan||130.0||v||translation & localization, interpreting, healthcare, video games, financial & legal, ife sciences|
|20||20||Dubbing Brothers||France||112.3||v||dubbing & audio, subtitling, media & entertainment|
|21||21||Voice and Script International (VSI)||United Kingdom||103.1||v||media localization|
|22||22||GTCOM (Global Tone Communication Technology)||China||91.5||v||language technology, translation, data & AI|
|23||23||Honyaku Center||Japan||90.2||v||translation, patents, life sciences, finance & legal|
|24||24||thebigword||United Kingdom||89.7||e||interpreting, translation, government|
|25||25||United Language Group||United States||88.0||v||translation, interpreting, healthcare, life sciences|
|26||26||STAR7||Italy||86.3||e||translation & localization services, manufacturing, IT|
|27||27||Ubiqus||France||83.1||v||translation, finance, technology, legal, life sciences|
|28||28||Morningside||United States||80.3||e||translation, legal, patents, life sciences|
|29||29||LanguageWire||Denmark||75.2||v||translation, life sciences, luxury, automotive|
|31||31||BIG Language Solutions||United States||74.0||v||translation, interpreting, education, legal, healthcare, life sciences, financial|
|32||32||SWISS TXT||Switzerland||68.7||v||media localization|
|33||33||Logos Group||Italy||63.0||v||translation & localization, copywriting & transcreation, dubbing & audio|
|34||34||SeproTec Multilingual Solutions||Spain||60.9||v||translation, interpreting, pharma, life sciences, IP|
|35||35||ZOO Digital Group||United Kingdom||57.0||v||subtitling, dubbing, media & entertainment|
|36||36||KERN Global Language Services||Germany||56.9||v||translation, interpreting, life sciences, automotive, technology, financial|
|37||37||Verztec||Singapore||56.0||v||interpreting, transcription, DTP & graphic design, education, financial & legal|
|38||38||Sunyu Transphere||China||55.8||v||translation & localization, intellectual property, technology & IT|
|39||39||Hiventy||France||55.2||e||subtitling, dubbing & audio, media & entertainment|
|40||40||Certified Languages International||United States||55.1||v||interpreting, healthcare, other LSPs|
|41||41||Translated||Italy||53.2||v||translation & localization, tourism, technology|
|42||42||MotionPoint||United States||50.0||v||website translation|
|43||43||Språkservice Sverige||Sweden||48.6||v||interpreting, translation & localization, government, technologyy & IT|
|44||44||Akorbi||United States||47.5||v||healthcare, financial, interpreting|
|45||45||Prime Focus Technologies||India||46.0||v||media localization|
|46||46||Global Talk||Netherlands||45.4||v||interpreting, government, healthcare|
|47||47||Argos Multilingual||United States||43.5||v||translation & localization, life sciences, technology & IT|
|48||48||EC Innovations||Singapore||43.0||v||translation & localization, interpreting, life sciences, technology & IT|
|49||49||Uphealth-Martti||United States||41.0||v||interpreting, healthcare|
|50||50||ONCALL Language Services||Australia||39.4||e||interpreting, healthcare|
|51||51||CQ fluency||United States||38.4||v||translation & localization, healthcare, life sciences|
|52||52||CSOFT International||United States + China||38.0||v||translation & localization, interpreting, technology & IT, life sciences|
|53||53||Rozetta||Japan||37.6||c||translation, platform, technology|
|54||54||Akagane||Japan||37.3||v||translation & localization, DTP & graphic design, manufacturing|
|55||55||Alpha CRC||United Kingdom||37.0||v||technology & IT, video games, translation & localization|
|56||56||Ai-Media||Australia||36.5||FY||translation & localization services, government, education|
|57||57||CRESTEC — Localization||Japan||35.1||v||translation, localization, manufacturing, automotive, IT & software|
|58||58||Apostroph Group||Germany||33.9||v||translation & localization, marketing, life sciences|
|59||59||Propio Language Services||United States||33.2||v||healthcare, government|
|60||60||Valbin Corporation||United States||32.6||e||government|
|61||61||PGLS||United States||32.4||v||translation & localization, government|
|62||62||Traductions Serge Bélair (TRSB)||Canada||32.1||v||translation & localization, financial & legal, life sciences|
|64||64||MasterWord Services||United States||30.4||v||linguist staffing, interpreting, translation & localization, government, healthcare|
|65||65||Spark||United Kingdom||29.9||e||localization, technology, media|
|66||66||GLOBO Language Solutions||United States||29.8||v||interpreting, healthcare, government, education|
|67||67||Straker Translations||New Zealand||29.1||v||technology & IT, manufacturing, translation & localization|
|68||68||EVA||France||28.8||v||dubbing, media localization|
|69||69||Versacom||Canada||28.5||v||translation & localization, financial & legal|
|70||70||Janus Worldwide||Austria||28.5||v||translation & localization, technology & IT, manufacturing|
|71||71||Multicultural NSW||Australia||28.0||FY||translation, interpreting, government|
|72||72||Sichuan Lan-bridge Information Technology Co.||China||27.6||v||translation & localization, manufacturing, technology & IT, automotive|
|73||73||Acclaro||United States||27.5||v||translation & localization, copywriting & content creation, technology & IT, media & entertainment|
|74||74||Summa Linguae Technologies||Poland||27.4||v||data & AI, translation & localization, technology & IT|
|75||75||Transvoice||Sweden||26.8||v||interpreting, healthcare, government|
|76||76||t'works||Germany||26.1||v||translation, website localization, manufacturing, life sciences, legal|
|77||77||Skrivanek||Czech Republic||25.1||v||translation & localization, manufacturing, other LSPs|
|78||78||BLEND||Israel||25.0||v||translation & localization, education, IT, video games|
|79||79||Capita Translation and Interpreting||United Kingdom||24.8||e||translation, interpreting, legal|
|80||80||Transline Gruppe||Germany||23.5||v||translation & localization, DTP & graphic design, manufacturing, life sciences|
|81||81||THG Fluently||United Kingdom||23.3||e||translation & localization, copywriting & content creation, consumer goods, beauty & wellness|
|82||82||Supertext||Switzerland||21.5||v||translation, transcreation, marketing|
|83||83||Glodom Language Solutions||China||21.0||v||translation, IT, patents|
|84||84||CBG Konsult & Information||Sweden||21.0||v||translation & localization, automotive & aviation, government|
|86||86||DA Languages||United Kingdom||18.7||v||interpreting, translation, education, financial|
|87||87||Lingsoft Group||Finland||17.1||v||translation & localization, government, other LSPs|
|88||88||24translate Group||Germany||16.8||v||translation & localization, DTP & graphic design, financial & legal|
|89||89||mt-g||Germany||16.5||v||translation & localization, DTP & graphic design, life sciences|
|90||90||kothes GmbH||Germany||16.3||v||translation & localization services, technology, DTP & graphic design|
|91||91||Awatera||Cyprus||16.0||v||translation & localization, interpreting, life sciences, technology & IT, gaming|
|92||92||e2f||United States||14.8||v||data & AI, translation, linguist staffing, technology|
|93||93||TOIN Corporation||Japan||14.7||v||transcreation, translation, technology & IT, creative services|
|94||94||German Translation Network - Ge|Tra|Net|||Germany||14.5||v||translation & localization, interpreting, manufacturing, financial & legal|
|95||95||EVS Translations||Germany||14.4||v||translation, finance, legal|
|96||96||Human Science||Japan||14.3||v||translation & localization, data & AI, technology & IT, marketing|
|97||97||Interpreters Unlimited Group||United States||14.0||v||interpreting, legal, education, gaming|
|98||98||Hansem Global||South Korea||13.5||v||technical writing, translation, consumer goods|
|99||99||itl Institut für technische Literatur||Germany||13.0||v||translation & localization, automotive & aviation, technology & IT|
|100||100||Presence Translate & Interact||Luxembourg||12.6||v||interpreting, healthcare, government|
The following companies would have made the ranking in previous editions, but due to the growth of other players, as well as new arrivals on the Nimdzi 100, they did not make the cut this year. However, they deserve an honorable mention.
|wdt_ID||Company||Country||2021 Revenue (USD million)||Note||Main business|
|1||Linguava||United States||12.0||v||interpreting, translation & localization, healthcare|
|2||Mondia Technologies Ltd||United Kingdom||11.7||v||manufacturing & engineering, professional services, multimedia & e-learning|
|3||Kaleidoscope||Austria||11.2||v||translation & localization, transcreation, manufacturing|
|4||Global Lingo||United Kingdom||11.2||v||translation, interpreting, transcription, technology & IT, e-learning|
|5||Ingenuiti||United States||11.0||v||translation, DTP & graphic design, life sciences|
|6||Andovar||Thailand||10.7||v||education, video games, retail|
|7||tolingo GmbH||Germany||10.5||v||translation & localization, technology & IT|
|8||Fidel Softech||India||10.5||v||translation, localization, technology|
|9||Sandberg Translation Partners||United Kingdom||10.2||v||Work for other LSPs|
The Watchlist consists of companies that should be in the ranking but are not listed because they do not disclose, publish, or otherwise reveal their revenue. Furthermore, some organizations are units inside larger corporate groups where a small part of revenue comes from language services, and annual reports do not allow researchers to segment out the translation and interpreting revenue. We provide visibility to such companies on the Watchlist to highlight their impact on the industry.
The reason it is important for us to track these companies is because even though they might not compete for clients, they compete for talent and resources. They also represent opportunities for technology providers and investors.
The companies are listed in alphabetical order.
|Ability InterBusiness Solutions (AIBS)||Japan||translation, technical writing|
|Advanced Language Systems International||United States||translation, localization, government|
|Alibaba Language Services||China||IT company, translation platform|
|AllWorld Language Consultants (ALC)||United States||translation, interpreting, government|
|American Language Services (AML-Global)||United States||translation, interpreting, legal, technical, media|
|Angel Translation Corporation||China||translation, localization, interpreting|
|CALNET||United States||government, interpreting|
|Chizai Corporation||Japan||translation, patents|
|Conduit Language Specialists||United States||translation, interpreting, government|
|Congress Global Communications||Japan||translation, interpreting, conference|
|CWU||United States||translation, interpreting, government|
|Deluxe||United States||media localization|
|Diction||Switzerland||translation & localization, marketing, financial & legal|
|DXC ACG||United States||IT company, translation, software localization|
|EasyTranslate||Denmark||interpreting, translation, government|
|EnVeritas Group (EVG)||United States||communications company, content localization|
|Geneva Worldwide||United States||interpreting, translation, legal, healthcare|
|Global Linguist Solutions (GLS)||United States||translation, interpreting, government|
|ICON||Ireland||clinical research group, life sciences, translation|
|IDC Digital||United States||media localization|
|Iota Localization Services||Ireland||translation & localization, IT and software, education, security|
|Language Services Associates||United States||interpreting, healthcare, insurance, financial|
|Leidos||United States||translation, interpreting, government|
|Lingo24||United Kingdom||translation, platform, technology|
|LIS Solutions (Legal Interpreting Solutions)||United States||interpreting, government|
|Maruboshi Co., part of CMC Corporation||Japan||translation, interpreting, technical writing|
|Metropolitan Interpreters and Translators (Metlang)||United States||translation, interpreting, government|
|Mid Atlantic Professionals (SSI)||United States||government, interpreting|
|Mission Essential||United States||translation, interpreting, government|
|Mother Tongue||United Kingdom||transcreation, translation, content creation|
|MultiLingual Solutions (MLS)||United States||translation, interpreting, software localization|
|MVM||United States||translation, interpreting, government|
|Pactera Technology||China||translation & localization, language testing & QA, technology, IT & software|
|Qloc||Poland||localization, video game services|
|Raytheon||United States||government, language technology|
|Smartling||United States||IT company, translation, content localization|
|Sorenson Community Interpreting Services||United States||sign language interpreting|
|SOS International||United States||translation, localization, interpreting, government|
|SunFlare||Japan||translation, technical writing|
|Testronic||United Kingdom||video game services, localization|
|Toppan Digital Language||United Kingdom||translation & localization, healthcare, marketing, finance|
|Tradutec Group||France||translation, life sciences, finance|
|TranslateMedia||United Kingdom||translation, retail, media|
|Transn||China||translation, financial & legal|
|tsd GmbH||Germany||translation, manufacturing, financial, pharma|
|Visual Data Media Services||United States||media localization|
|WCS Group||Netherlands||translation, interpreting, technical documentation|
|Wordbank||United Kingdom||translation, audiovisual, marketing|
|WordTech International||China||translation, localization|
|WorldWide Language Resources||United States||translation, interpreting, government|
|Yamagata||Japan||documentation company, technical translation|
|ZVRS / Purple Communications||United States||sign language interpreting|
A lot has changed on the ranking since last year. Here is a brief overview to help you better navigate the ranking.
During the course of this market analysis, Nimdzi uncovered prominent LSPs that have previously been invisible in market reports because they do not participate in surveys and are reluctant to disclose their revenue. Nimdzi has employed an investigative approach and invested hundreds of hours into intense research, data collection, and analysis in order to present data that have previously been unavailable.
We are very proud to offer broad access to our data. This ranking is offered to all who are interested. No paywall. No strings attached. Localization buyers, investors, savvy job seekers, and analysts are welcome to use this document, just don’t forget to reference Nimdzi Insights, LLC, as the source. Interested parties are free to reach out to us directly should they have any questions.
Below is a summary of the methodology used for the Nimdzi 100 ranking.
At this point in time, we are two years into the COVID-19 pandemic and our analysis shows that many of the new trends we observed in 2020 solidified in 2021.
When the pandemic first hit, language service providers (LSPs) had to act fast to adapt their business models to the new environment and meet their clients’ changing needs. Companies of all sizes increased their digital offering, added new platforms, features, and services, restructured their internal operations, worked on integrations, and received completely new types of requests that fueled innovation. It was stressful, it was scary, it was exciting. We can say without exaggeration, that the pandemic kicked off a new chapter for the global labor market and that things will never return to the way they were before March 2020.
Fast forward to 2022, it seems the language services market is better set up than ever before to meet the increasingly complex demands of buyers and is reaping the rewards of the efforts put in at the start of the pandemic. That the language services industry is coming out stronger is reflected in the strong growth the top 100 LSPs experienced in 2021 — through both mergers and acquisitions (M&A) and outside investment, as well as via organic growth.
It is fair to say that 2021 was an exceptionally great year for the language industry and that factors such as a backlog demand (from the 2020 lockdowns) in sectors like government and media, as well as the continued boom in e-commerce and e-learning heavily contributed to this fact. However, even after this exceptional year, we can expect that the industry will continue to grow at a faster pace than before. The global market has changed, and at this point in time LSPs have adapted well to it and are ready to meet and exceed the new requirements. We have long said that our industry is impervious to crises. The latest developments show that what significantly contributes to this resilience is the incredible agility of the individual companies in the market.
Throughout this report, we reference different data points that were used for our analysis. In some cases, we report directly about data relating to the top 100 largest LSPs. In other cases, our calculations are based on data collected via our survey, which received 167 valid responses from LSPs of all sizes (including about two-thirds of the top 100 from our ranking). We also refer back to data collected via interviews we conducted with more than 30 of the largest players in the language industry. We highlight the sources of our data where appropriate.
Our data show that annual growth among the 100 largest LSPs has increased significantly. Between 2020 and 2021, the combined revenues of the top 100 positions in our ranking increased by 22.7%, compared to only 6.8% in the previous period.
The combined revenue of the companies comprising the top 10 positions in 2021 rose 23.3% compared to the top 10 listed in 2020. The strongest growth was experienced by the segment of companies comprising the top 20 positions, whose combined revenues increased by 24.8% as compared to those holding the top 20 positions last year. The top 50 positions grew by 23.2% and the remaining positions 51 to 100 grew by 19.1%, as compared to last year’s ranking.
Despite ongoing consolidation at the top, the industry as a whole continues to grow, producing larger LSPs every year. This trend holds true even in the lowest positions within our ranking, with the 100th largest LSP confirming revenues of USD 12.6 million this year as compared with USD 12.0 million, USD 11.6 million and USD 10.3 million for the 100th ranked LSPs in 2020, 2019 and 2018, respectively.
For the first time, the language industry now has a billion-dollar company. Long-time industry leader TransPerfect reached USD 1.1 billion in revenue in 2021. This is up from USD 852.4 million in 2020 and represents an increase of more than 30% year-over-year. Especially for a company of this size and during times that saw the world economy suffer, this is an impressive level of growth.
In last year’s Nimdzi 100 we reported that RWS became the new de facto leader in the industry after its acquisition of former rival SDL. Back then, in March 2021, the combined 2020 revenues of RWS and SDL stood at USD 937.5 million and outperformed TransPerfect by USD 85.1 million, which indicated a shift in leadership at the top. However, TransPerfect made a strong comeback and solidified its position as the largest LSP in the world once again — partially also through the acquisition of industry veteran and Nordic leader Semantix, whose revenue stood at USD 73.7 million in 2020.
Given the acquisition of former rival SDL, which propelled RWS to the top, the company was expected to reach the billion dollar mark in 2021. However, the newly combined company only grew by a little less than two percent in 2021, reaching USD 955.3 million. A possible explanation could be a focus on aligning company efforts after the mega acquisition and a change in leadership — in June 2021, RWS announced the appointment of a new Group CEO, Ian El-Mokadem, who replaced Richard Thompson at the helm.
Lionbridge, another household name in the market, held the position as the second-largest language service provider for many years. In 2020, the company sold its AI division — Lionbridge AI — to TELUS International, a digital customer experience company from Canada. The deal went through for approximately USD 935 million (CAD 1.2 billion). Despite the sale, Lionbridge is not leaving this lucrative field altogether but will rather focus its AI efforts exclusively on language services, for instance in the form of neural machine translation (NMT) as well as using applied AI to tag, annotate and score content to drive automation and improve quality checks and cost estimates in the translation workflow. In this year’s ranking, Lionbridge made it to the 5th position, with USD 545.9 in revenue.
In order to gain some perspective of growth and consolidation in the industry, we decided to take a look at the revenues of the top two positions in our ranking based on revenues from 2017 to 2021.
What the graph shows is by how much the two largest positions in the industry have grown in only five years. Between 2017 and 2021, the number one position in the language industry (consistently held by TransPerfect) grew by more than 80% and the second position (previously Lionbridge, now RWS) grew by close to 60%. Put differently, if we consider the compound annual growth rates (CAGR) for the two top positions in our ranking, the growth was at least twice as fast as for the rest of the industry (15.9% and 12.4%, versus 6.0%).
Last year, we had reduced our growth estimate to reflect the impact of the pandemic, adjusting the market’s compound annual growth rate (CAGR) to 6.0%, down from 6.2% and 6.8% in previous years. However, 2021 was a phenomenal year that saw LSPs of all sizes reporting record growth, which we accounted for in this year’s projection.
We estimate that the language services industry reached USD 60.5 billion in 2021 and should grow to USD 64.7 billion in 2022.
Our estimate for 2021 reflects a one-off increase of 10% compared to 2020. Going forward, our estimate is slightly more conservative knowing that the industry just went through two exceptional years — one that caused a strong slow-down and one that saw a big push in demand, partially due to the 2020 backlog. While it is unrealistic to expect this exceptional level of growth to continue, we can expect that the industry will continue to grow at a faster pace than before March 2020, thanks to a changed market that LSPs have adapted well to at this point in time. This is why we project a CAGR of 7.0% for the coming years. Taking this into account, the industry would be valued at USD 84.9 billion by 2026.
When calculating the addressable market for their services, commercial providers should limit the opportunity to 60% of the total figure. Firstly, not everything is outsourced, as a significant portion of the overall volume is performed by in-house teams on the buyer side. For example, the European Union employs about 5,000 staff translators and interpreters. Secondly, the market size calculation includes revenues for both translation companies and their suppliers, i.e. a part of the revenue is counted twice.
Although consolidation continues, the language services industry remains fragmented. The top 100 companies in our ranking accounted for just 17.9% of the overall language industry in 2021 — a rise of 1.9% from 2020. Adding in the Watchlist and our “Close, but no cigar” honorary ranking, all 165 large LSPs tracked by Nimdzi accounted for only 22.8% of the language industry in 2021.
In absolute figures, the companies tracked by Nimdzi earned over USD 13.8 billion in their latest fiscal years. The top 10 companies were responsible for more than 40% of that total.
Despite ongoing consolidation at the top, the industry is still predominantly made up of companies smaller than USD 10 million.
In this year’s ranking, 86 of the top 100 largest LSPs in the world reported various degrees of growth, 10 companies had negative growth, and revenue remained flat for one company. This is a big change from last year, where only 65 companies from the top 100 reported positive growth, 33 had negative growth, and revenues remained flat for two companies on the ranking.
We typically report on the average growth of the top 100 by revenue bracket. However, this year, there is one company (PGLS) that significantly skews the picture, as they grew by more than 1,300% (see “The 10 fastest-growing LSPs in our ranking”). Given that this is such a significant outlier, we decided to calculate the median growth per ranking segment this year, to allow for a more accurate picture.
The median growth rate for the top 100 in this year’s ranking was 15.3%, up from 5.1% in 2020. In last year’s ranking, both the top 20 and the top 50 grew at a median rate of 5.0%, whereas companies on the same positions in this year’s ranking reported a median growth rate of 15.9% and 14.3% respectively. The biggest growth by ranking segment can be found at the very top and at the very bottom: The median growth of this year’s top 10 was 18.1% (compared to 7.9% in 2020), which is still slightly topped by LSPs in ranks 51 to 100 with 18.2% — 12.3% higher than the previous period.
|2020 median growth||2021 median growth||Change|
When calculating the growth by company size we again opted for the median instead of the average to allow for a more accurate picture given the significant outlier in this year’s ranking (PGLS).
Looking at the results, companies with 50 to 99 employees came out on top, with a median growth rate of 21.6%. In last year’s ranking, it was the same company size class that grew the most, however, the median then was only 10.7%, so there’s an increase of more than 10% this year for the same group. Next in line were LSPs with 100 to 249 employees, who recorded a median growth rate of 17.6% in 2021 — up nearly 10% from 2020.
The data show that growth was strong across all company sizes last year. To illustrate, the slowest positive growth rate was reported for companies with 500 to 999 employees. This group still came out at 13.1%, which is 2.4% more than last year’s frontrunner. These results are another clear reflection of the tremendous year the language services industry had in 2021.
Looking at the productivity of the top 100 LSPs, the average revenue per employee in 2021 was about USD 213 thousand. In 2020, the average was USD 102 thousand, so this is an increase in productivity of about 109%. The average productivity for the top 20 was USD 202 thousand in 2021. It is worth noting that only one company from the top 10 in our ranking is among the ten most productive companies. Aside from translate plus, none of the top 40 LSPs in our ranking made it onto this list.
Considering company size, seven out of the ten most productive companies in 2021 employ between 25 and 99 professionals. Two companies in this ranking have between 100 and 249 full-time employees. The most productive company — translate plus — has between 250 and 499 people on staff. None of the most productive companies employ 500 people or more.
It is also worth noting that there is an overrepresentation of interpreting companies in this list. Five out of the ten most productive companies in 2021 — Språkservice Sverige, Global Talk, LanguageLoop, Interpreters Unlimited Group, and GLOBO Language Solutions — all derive a large portion of their revenue from interpreting services. It is possible that the move to remote interpreting contributed to the increase in productivity for these companies.
|Rank||Company||Productivity (USD per employee)||2021 Revenue (USD million)||Size class|
|1||translate plus||1,104,462||353.4||250 to 499|
|2||Språkservice Sverige||823,369||48.6||50 to 99|
|3||Global Talk||698,309||45.4||50 to 99|
|4||PGLS||675,000||32.4||25 to 49|
|5||Plint||640,727||30.8||25 to 49|
|6||LanguageLoop||496,622||19.9||25 to 49|
|7||Interpreters Unlimited Group||466,667||14.0||25 to 49|
|8||Translated||454,628||53.2||100 to 249|
|9||GLOBO Language Solutions||445,013||29.8||50 to 99|
|10||MotionPoint||423,729||50.0||100 to 249|
Below is a list of the ten fastest-growing LSPs in 2021. The significant growth experienced by the top 100 and the industry at large was due to a perfect storm of strong M&A activity as well as organic growth fuelled by a backlog in demand from 2020.
We also need to highlight that the company that experienced the fastest growth by far — PGLS — represents an absolute outlier in our data. In 2021, the company grew more than ten times its size due to a mix of acquisitions and organic growth.
|Rank||Company||Growth %||Revenue (USD million)||Core business|
|1||PGLS||1,308.7||32.4||translation & localization, government|
|2||GTCOM (Global Tone Communication Technology)||145.1||91.5||language technology, translation, data & AI|
|3||MasterWord Services||141.6||30.4||linguist staffing, interpreting, translation & localization, government, healthcare|
|4||Propio Language Services||125.9||33.2||healthcare, government|
|5||RWS||109.2||955.3||translation, patents, life sciences, IT|
|6||Ai-Media||108.7||36.5||translation & localization services, government, education|
|8||German Translation Network - Ge|Tra|Net|||96.2||14.5||translation & localization, interpreting, manufacturing, financial & legal|
|9||Argos Multilingual||86.1||43.5||translation & localization, life sciences, technology & IT|
|10||BIG Language Solutions||80.5||74.0||translation, interpreting, education, legal, healthcare, life sciences, financial|
This year, 17 companies in our ranking are women-owned or women-run. The number fell from 20% in 2021, but still places our industry well above the global average of 8.2% (according to the Fortune 500). The majority of these women-run companies are based in North America, followed closely by Europe (nine and seven, respectively), and one company is based in Asia (two, if we consider CSOFT International’s dual US and China headquarters)
|Rank||Company||Country||2021 Revenue (USD million)||Note|
|40||Certified Languages International||United States||55.1||v|
|47||Argos Multilingual||United States||43.5||v|
|51||CQ fluency||United States||38.4||v|
|52||CSOFT International||United States + China||38.0||v|
|55||Alpha CRC||United Kingdom||37.0||v|
|60||Valbin Corporation||United States||32.6||e|
|61||Traductions Serge Bélair (TRSB)||Canada||32.1||v|
|64||MasterWord Services||United States||30.4||v|
|86||DA Languages||United Kingdom||18.7||v|
|98||Hansem Global||South Korea||13.5||v|
|99||itl Institut für technische Literatur||Germany||13.0||v|
As much as we want to laud the progress in our industry and congratulate these women on their achievements, it is also important to highlight the distance we still have to go. Although 17% of companies are women-led, only 6.1% of the total revenue of Nimdzi’s top 100 is generated by these LSPs. Furthermore, there are again no female CEOs among the top 10 largest companies in the industry. The distribution is far from equal and we hope to see this gap narrow in 2022.
In this year’s survey, we asked companies to select the services and verticals they operate in.
The results show that the services most commonly provided by LSPs are translation and localization (98.1%), machine translation and post-editing (79.0%), subtitling (71.3%), and copywriting, transcreation, content creation (61.1%). Dubbing, voiceovers and audio services and desktop publishing and graphic design are in fifth place (60.5% each). Transcription is in sixth place (58.0%), onsite interpreting (51.0%) and remote interpreting (49.0%) moved to seventh and eighth place respectively.
The results are fairly consistent with last year’s data, although the percentages changed slightly. Most notably, the number of companies providing machine translation and post-editing increased by 7.5%, and copywriting, transcreation, content creation moved ahead of desktop publishing and graphic design — confirming the push for original content creation we’re highlighting in the trends section of this report.
Considering the split by verticals, our survey results show that technology, IT & software (67.3%), financial and legal (65.4%), and marketing (60.4%) are the three most prevalent segments in terms of industry participation. This is a change from last year, where life sciences was in third place with 67.7% of survey respondents being active in this segment. This year life sciences is in fourth place with 60.4% listing this industry in their portfolio.
Education & e-learning (57.9%) and manufacturing (56.6%) are the fifth and sixth most common industry segments, with government reaching the seventh place (61.5%). Media & entertainment is in eighth place (49.1%).
To get a better sense of where the biggest growth came from by geographical distribution in 2021, we have compiled a map of the growth rates of the top 100 LSPs by region, based on country headquarters. We are again using the median growth rate to counteract the otherwise skewed picture caused by one company with above average growth.
We calculate growth based on revenues expressed in USD, using the annual exchange rate for each day of trading. This means that, for some regions, currency fluctuations skew the growth picture. For example, EUR, GBP, AUD, CAD and SEK performed better against USD in 2021 than they did in 2020, so as a result, companies reporting in these currencies saw a boost to growth in the equivalent USD. On the flipside, in comparison to 2020, companies reporting in JPY and RUR saw a negative impact from currency fluctuations in 2021.
The M&A and investment wave we highlighted in last year’s Nimdzi 100 continued to gain momentum in 2021. In fact, what began as a trend is starting to resemble a frenzy and the industry now finds itself in a vicious circle of growth. While at first glance it is the number of deals that stands out, a closer look reveals that the real story is about the significantly increased valuations of the individual firms.
Over the last two years, there has been so much M&A and investment activity that the number of companies available for purchase started dwindling. The decreasing supply of mid-sized LSPs has created a real seller’s market that has incentivized the remaining medium-sized players to sell their businesses at prices that would have been unimaginable and unacceptable a mere half year ago. These blown-out-of-proportion deals are now drawing even more attention to the industry and investors are flocking to the market to get a piece of the pie.
But it doesn’t stop there — because, of course, investors do not invest to stay the same, they invest for growth. As investors are looking for returns and putting pressure on LSPs to deliver, the fresh money that is pouring into the market continues to feed the M&A wave. Why? Because acquisition has become the easiest and fastest way to grow. Especially as the links between LSPs and enterprise buyers are tightening via strategic partnerships (see “Key trends” section of the report), it has become more difficult for other LSPs to come in and snatch up a client from the competition. The much easier way is to simply buy the competition and get the clients by default.
As the growth circle continues, we can expect it to have a knock-on effect on the wider dynamics of the market. For instance, as the companies receiving funding have money to spend, this will not only impact M&A but also recruitment and technological development. In addition, in some cases the ROI pressure has created start-up-style issues around money, resources, and client retention, which are commonly experienced by businesses in Silicon Valley but are relatively new to the language industry.
While PE-firms were already heavily investing in the language industry prior to 2020, they kept it rather quiet. Over the last two years this has changed and the PE community has become far more visible in the language services space. If we look at the top 100 companies in our ranking, 30 are currently backed by private equity or venture capital — that’s close to half of all privately-owned LSPs on the list (61). Given the latest developments, we can expect this figure to grow.
Looking at M&A, our data confirm that the buying trend is far from over. In the survey for this year’s Nimdzi 100, 45.7% of respondents stated that they are looking for companies to acquire, which is up 12.0% in comparison to last year’s results. In addition, 26.4% are looking to sell, which is an increase of only 2.5% as compared to 2021 (confirming once more that there are fewer companies that want to sell than want to buy). In the same vein, the number of companies stating they are not thinking about M&A at all has decreased by 8.2%.
What the ranking doesn’t show is that many of the top providers in the industry are not in direct competition with one another. Because the market is so fragmented, there are many clusters of top players for the various sectors within the language services industry.
While companies from the top ranks are trying to diversify and branch out into other segments, no one, for example, comes near Keywords Studios when it comes to gaming, near Iyuno Media Group when it comes to media localization, or near LanguageLine Solutions in the area of interpreting.
In every segment of the market, there are a handful of LSPs that have reached the level of brand awareness that puts them in a top-of-mind position for buyers. From a buyer’s point of view, the top companies in each segment of the industry are more likely to be bundled and tend to be interrelated in the client's mind. Let’s take a look at who they are, per sector of the industry.
Considering the ranking of top players, the Watchlist of significant market influencers, as well as numerous briefings with industry experts, we highlight a number of current key trends and challenges we identified throughout the course of our analysis.
Broadly speaking, no matter what industry you’re in, there are only three ways to grow your business:
The first two ways listed are the ones businesses in the language industry typically tend to focus on in their growth strategies. It's the third option that often gets overlooked. But maybe not for much longer because time has come to talk about price increases.
The supply chain in the market seems to have reached its bottom level of pricing and shows signs that a significant adjustment in rates is imperative. Every year, large LSPs go through rounds of negotiation with their in-country suppliers trying to achieve margin gains by requiring reductions in rates in exchange for potential additional volume or based on hypothetical productivity gains. The reality is that often neither of these materialize.
Several factors drive the need for a realignment of prices:
The theory is that renegotiation is generally triggered for one of two reasons: an imperfect contract or changed circumstances. If profits from clients are soaring and international sales are increasing while resources are becoming scarce and productivity gains are often fictitious (they can be achieved in simulations but not necessarily in real life), it is time to talk about price renegotiations. The circumstances have changed.
As with many other things in life, what prevents change is fear. On one hand, LSPs are afraid to ask clients for price increases and on the other, localization managers are afraid to ask for budget increases for their organizations. This is because translation/localization is seen as a cost to be managed, instead of an investment to be nurtured.
LSPs don't know how to explain value, and localization managers are not prone to associating their contribution to their companies' international success or just keep doing things the way that they have always been done. Nimdzi recently completed an extensive audit for a client, and was able to find USD 4 million in savings just in internal process improvements.
This insecurity sets the stage for driving cost pressures down the supply chain. It is also what will ultimately drive translators out of the business, and companies will be scrambling for talent down the line. Talent takes time to develop, and talent needs to be selected, trained, and managed.
If translators aren't paid enough, they will find other jobs or decide to stop working and go back to school. If single-language vendors are not paid enough, they will reduce the quality of service because they cannot achieve decent margins. If multilanguage vendors are not paid enough they will resort to delivering whatever their computers can automate. Until the house of cards starts to crumble because of a single mistranslated word.
Which brings us to another, closely related topic: The talent shortage in the industry.
While volumes keep rising and turnaround times are getting tighter, LSPs from all sides of the market are reporting that talent acquisition and talent retention are two of their biggest challenges in 2022.
As already pointed out in the previous section that talks about a need for price increases, professionals are leaving the industry due to low rates and poor working conditions. On the other end of the spectrum, large LSPs are complaining about a lack of qualified linguists to fill the rising demand. In the media localization sector, this topic even went mainstream after a TikTok influencer complained about the poor quality of the closed captions in Netflix show Squid Game.
While talk of a talent shortage in the language industry is nothing new, it appears to have reached a boiling point. What is also important to note is that it’s a multifaceted challenge:
The Great Resignation is typically discussed in relation to the US workforce, but the phenomenon is international. In interviews for the Nimdzi 100, LSPs from around the world reported having lost people to the Great Resignation. While some are leaving over working conditions, low pay, or better career opportunities, that’s not all there is to it.
Interestingly, reports include employees resigning for reasons such as wanting to go traveling for a few years, embracing their freedoms, and focusing on what really matters in life, outside of work. It is likely that this trend was accelerated by the pandemic as people worldwide had their freedom of movement restricted and had time to rethink what they wanted. The overall phenomenon of the Great Resignation paired with the more industry-specific developments highlighted above has brought the talent challenge to a whole new level. It is no longer the exception but something that is happening at scale.
Over time, the supply chain constraints will drive the trend toward higher rates. In addition, Nimdzi believes that this period will trigger the creation of a new generation of resources coming from diverse and unexpected backgrounds that will need to be trained from scratch. Already in the past few years, we have learned of remote staff based in places like Guatemala, Cambodia, Dominican Republic, Cape Verde, Turkey, and Zambia, to name but a few. This could potentially also increase demand for schools to develop this talent within the industry.
LSPs, understandably, tend to focus on the value they bring to their clients. However, maybe time has come to also focus on highlighting the value they bring to their staff, especially their linguists.
In last year’s edition of the Nimdzi 100, we declared that the LSP is dead. Meaning that at least the largest players in the industry are outgrowing the traditional, transaction-based LSP concept. Instead, what we are observing is that LSPs are increasingly becoming strategic partners and advisors for their clients’ global business.
Based on interviews with the top 100 this year, it has become clear that this transition not only continued but was heavily accelerated in 2021. So much so that we can now talk about the era of a new kind of LSP — one that is trying to shed this very same acronym and instead grow the “strategic” and “partnership” dimension of its client relations.
To explain what exactly we’re talking about, we’re going to break it up into the different sub-segments of the overarching theme we’ve identified.
In interviews, companies from the top 100 largest LSPs repeatedly mentioned a major push from clients for original content creation. This trend has been steadily on the rise for a while now and appears to have become one of the biggest opportunities for LSPs to tap into.
What stands out is that, reportedly, the discussions between LSPs and buyers are moving away from talking about translation and localization, and toward zeroing in on the best way to reach end-users. Enterprise clients are realizing that for their content to have the desired impact on their target audience, having it translated is (in many cases) not enough anymore. As the world is becoming more connected and people are increasingly gaining access to mobile phones, the power is increasingly being placed into the hands of individual consumers. To reach these consumers and stand out in the world wide web of competition, the core of the conversation is shifting away from enterprises wanting to translate a story toward creating an original one that will resonate with their audiences to create a more memorable experience.
This rush towards more content puts in stark contrast the fact that creating content (and locally relevant user experiences) just isn’t some clients’ core competence. Unsurprisingly, LSPs are rising to the occasion. Some have, for example, embedded creative teams within their business to create multilingual content for clients, others have set up content development and SEO teams in different geographies, and others again are even talking about transitioning from LSP to Content Provider or Global Content Partner. Taking a closer look, this transition does not seem too out of place. LSPs are already deeply embedded in the content journey due to the nature of translation work, which requires them to be aware of content related matters. So, this might just be a rather natural next step.
A similar development that confirms the increased focus on the end-user can be found in the discussions around Experiential Localization Quality Assessment, short xLQA. Language Quality Assurance (LQA) or Language Quality Assessment has been around for a long time and is an integral part of the translation process. It’s the review process that measures the quality of the localized content, a task that is traditionally highly customized and aimed at finding mistakes. Nimdzi’s theory is that while LQA is important, end-users don’t think in terms of localization quality of a product — they think in terms of their own experience using that product (presumably in their native language). Accuracy and traditional quality metrics are still important, but they are no longer relevant in isolation. Rather than wholly replace traditional quality practices, xLQA is an additional step, designed to measure the relationship between language quality and the end-customer’s experience.
Looking at the industry at large, what we can expect is a move toward two primary service levels:
All too often, translation and localization are still being viewed as a cost factor and a commodity rather than an international revenue enabler. So, in an effort to increase their value proposition, many LSPs have started offering consulting and data-based insights to their clients, advising them on topics such as which markets they should go into, which technology is the best fit for them, and how to manage their digital channels. Quite naturally, this is creating a stronger partnership and more “stickiness.”
This is also mirrored in the fact that large LSPs are increasingly moving away from project-based contracts and rather entering into multi-year master service agreements with their clients. In the same vein, interviewed LSPs mentioned a very strong push for vendor consolidation on the client side. While this might be good news for some LSPs, it might put smaller LSPs in a less favorable position. Even some of the larger players are noticing that the consolidation trend is not without its challenges, for instance, when high volumes of work are then being pushed onto fewer vendors.
Another development that is strengthening the partnership between LSP and enterprise buyers is that buyers are increasingly outsourcing anything that is not part of their core competency, mostly as a result of tighter budgets. Especially tasks like content creation, content review, and technology review are then being handed over to LSP partners. In the same vein, a few LSPs reported clients wanting to take a different approach to LQA and moving away from having inhouse teams handle this task. Instead, they are turning to their LSP partners, asking them to set up internal quality teams for them.
Much of what we are describing above is LSPs broadening their portfolio and adding adjacent services. What we mean by that are services that do not traditionally fall under the definition of language services, but are complementary to the LSP’s offerings and allow them to provide their clients with a more complete package.
In the same vein, when the topic of M&A arose in conversations with the top 100, a number of companies expressed an interest in acquiring businesses outside the language services market — companies from industries that do not operate in the localization space but are complementary enough to offer a stepping stone to widen the reach of an LSP and to branch out into other sectors.
Now, where is the red thread in all of this?
Enterprise buyers are placing a much stronger emphasis on reaching their end-users. To achieve this goal, they want content that is more closely tailored to their consumers in order to maximize the impact of their products and services. As a result, LSPs see a growing demand for original content creation, and developments like these push LSPs into offering more adjacent services in order to solidify their position in their clients’ supply chain. As the bonds between LSP and enterprise buyer strengthen, they evolve into a true, strategic partnership, which is also mirrored in clients choosing to work with fewer vendors on the basis of master service agreements.
Since the onset of the pandemic, the demand for video conferencing has gone through the roof. While platforms like Zoom, Microsoft Teams, and Webex were already being used prior to March 2020, the pandemic took things to a whole new level as video conferencing became the norm in, more or less, every area of society — from businesses to governments to schools to the average Joe and Jane, no matter what age group, no matter the setting (weddings, birthday parties, and funerals included).
But sooner or later the now well-known “Zoom-fatigue” started to set in and so people were trying to find ways to make their virtual meetings more engaging, and started exploring new features and meeting formats. In addition, accessibility and inclusivity increasingly moved into the focus at enterprises and public entities alike. Because for the first time, it was easier than ever to make meetings accessible for everyone no matter the location.
This development that suddenly brought language services to the forefront and into a top-of-mind position for new clients who had never used any kind of language services before was expressed in many different ways. For instance, once virtual events started to gain momentum, interpreting providers not only saw a spike in requests for remote interpreting but also for multilingual live captioning on various event platforms and for document translations for online meetings.
At the same time, LSPs who predominantly focus on translation and localization started receiving more requests for various types of remote interpreting (especially remote simultaneous interpreting), as well as for multilingual live captioning for virtual events.
What this development has shown is that there is a clear need in the market for a Multilingual Meeting Provider (MMP). Yes, many companies already describe themselves as facilitating multilingual meetings — and they do. However, what we typically see in the market are either companies offering RSI or VRI, live captioning or machine interpreting, or a combination of a few of these services. Interviews with market players show that the needs of clients are shifting and buyers are increasingly looking for a provider that can do it all. Clients don’t want to go to one company for their interpreting needs, to another for translation and again to another for captioning — and potentially all for the same event — especially as more types of new meetings are emerging all the time. What they want is one provider that can facilitate all their requirements for virtual multilingual meetings and events. Who is going to fill this current gap and in what way (through partnerships, acquisitions, building or buying new tech, adding services, etc.) remains to be seen.
The language services industry offers many types of services and operates in even more verticals. In this section, we provide a more in-depth overview and analysis of a number of sectors within the industry that stood out in 2021 and that will continue to be the most relevant going into 2022.
We’ve hit a curious patch in the language services industry. A lot of the talk is still centered around the usual topics — MT is definitely one of the evergreen ones — but the industry at large is scrambling to come up with new ideas. Certainly, there are new trends popping up, some of which are here to stay (e.g. LSPs diversifying their portfolios with creative services such as content generation). With some external trends (*cough* metaverse *cough*), we’re still waiting to see whether they will have any impact at all. Yet there is one buzzword that people ought to talk more about — AI. They have, but perhaps not often enough or maybe not in the right context. Only a handful of players in our industry have thus far found consistent success in this area. But AI should be talked about more — and here’s why.
AI is ubiquitous. It’s present in devices we use every day, whether we turn on Netflix, listen to Spotify, or ask Siri to find us the nearest restaurant so we can order takeout. The next decade figures to be one where more and more end-clients hop onto the AI bandwagon. So what does this mean for the language services industry? More work trickling down to LSPs, to begin with.
In other words, it’s a pretty penny, with growing client demand and significant budgets to compete for. As we mentioned elsewhere in this report, LSPs looking to diversify their service offerings should keep an eye out for opportunities to solidify their status in their clients’ eyes. The barrier to entry in the field of data-related services may be high, though. Let’s take stock of a few key characteristics of this subsegment of the larger language services market and where it’s headed:
First things first. Let’s not beat around the bush and get right to it: remote interpreting is here to stay. The pandemic created the framework for people who resisted remote interpreting to embrace it and now that the genie is out of the bottle, it’s hard to go back.
Does this mean the end of onsite interpreting? Of course not. There will always be scenarios in which it is preferable to have an interpreter onsite. For instance, when dealing with high-stakes clients, in end-of-life cases, in mental health settings, or when dealing with children, to name but a few. However, it does mean that the market for interpreting services has changed and will not go back to the way it was prior to March 2020.
The graph below shows the estimated market split between onsite and (the various types of) remote interpreting before the pandemic, at the height of the pandemic, and after the pandemic.
* OPI = Over-the-phone interpreting; VRI = Video remote interpreting, RSI = Remote simultaneous interpreting
An emerging trend that should be included in the last bar (bleeding into both the percentages for onsite and for RSI) is hybrid meetings, where some participants are onsite and some join a conference or meeting remotely. We can expect to see a lot more of these types of meetings in the post-pandemic future. In our current estimate, hybrid meetings will make up between 10 and 20% of the market in the years to come.
Prior to the pandemic, remote simultaneous interpreting (RSI) was a real niche within the language services industry. However, once the pandemic hit and all types of meetings, conferences, and events pivoted to the virtual world, RSI suddenly was in high demand. This demand is coming both from existing clients who have more virtual meetings than before and from new clients in different industries. Suddenly everyone is receiving requests for RSI.
This is not only reflected in the millions of dollars that RSI platforms have received in various investment rounds over the past two years, but also in the growing number of new RSI platforms. Looking at our Language Technology Atlas, the “RSI and conference interpreting” category grew from 20 to 34 different solutions in 2021. Projections indicate that it is not going to stop here. A number of traditional LSPs in the interpreting sector are thinking about building their own RSI platforms, and some VRI platforms are looking to partner with RSI tech players in an effort to meet their clients’ changing needs and cash in on the trend.
A likely explanation for the RSI boom is the popularity of Zoom and similar platforms. The increased exposure to virtual meetings and events appears to have triggered a heightened interest in making these meetings more accessible — through multilingual captions and through RSI.
In fact, Zoom is the de facto largest RSI platform judging by the number of meetings. This might be controversial for some in the language industry but shouldn’t really come as too big of a shock given its position in the wider conferencing market. While it is true that Zoom’s main focus is not on multilingual meetings, the platform does have an RSI feature. The feature is more rudimentary as compared to specialized RSI platforms and is lacking some functionalities (e.g. relay and interpreter handover), but it works and is often what clients want.
The exposure to Zoom and the increased use of RSI has also had an interesting side effect, namely that interpreting has gone more mainstream. Originally fairly limited to conference interpreting (its field of origin), the pandemic has opened the door to new RSI clients. For instance, LSPs suddenly received requests for RSI for parent-teacher conferences and other school events. Local governments reached out wanting to add RSI to their town hall meetings and COVID-19 announcements. Educators from various fields, including healthcare education, have added RSI to their classes, and at least one large e-sports company is looking to add RSI to its virtual live events.
However, RSI is not the only area where the mainstream move can be observed. It holds true across different segments of the interpreting market. For instance, numerous vaccine centers across the US are equipped with portable, on-demand VRI devices (e.g. from AMN Language Services), and Walgreens pharmacies are partnering with VRI platform VOYCE to enable efficient communication between customers and employees (including language access for the Deaf and hard of hearing through sign language interpreting).
Last year's forecast was correct — after a delay in production caused by the pandemic, content creation would speed up again during 2021, meaning that the video assets to be localized would grow exponentially. And that’s just what happened. With the news of Netflix’s localization volumes (seven million minutes of subtitled content and five million minutes of dubbed content in 2021), we can get a sense of what we’re looking at — more than 13 years of subtitled content, and almost 10 years of dubbed content. And our industry delivered this huge amount of work in months. Moreover, this represents only figures from Netflix, which isn’t even the biggest streaming platform out there. Add Disney+, Prime Video, Apple TV, HBO Max, and so on. Crazy, right? At the same time, it’s not just the number of hours of content, but also the number of languages. In the past, the standard was 12 languages, now it’s more than double that. This all adds to pre-production and post-production times for dubbing and subtitling.
The media industry is bigger than ever before and the growth of media localization companies in our ranking confirms this.
That’s why companies focusing on video on demand platforms are growing faster than the ones serving the broadcasting industry. This is also due to the fact that streaming platforms buy more distribution-related services from their providers besides subtitling and dubbing.
As opposed to 2020, where M&A activities had a big impact on the revenue increase, this year’s growth is more organic in the media space. At the same time, this vertical is attracting the attention of investing firms, as we learned in early 2022 when Iyuno announced yet another round of funding from the Korean investment firm IMM Investments Corp.
This is all great news for the media localization industry but it doesn’t come without downsides. Rapid growth can also lead to scalability problems and talent crunch, which are two of the main challenges reported by the big players in this space. Making sure that the growth is manageable without failing to meet clients’ expectations is not always easy. This industry is highly creative so automation is not always possible compared to other more regulated industries such as legal or life sciences. Big players are making use of technology but, at the end of the day, this industry is very human-dependant on so many levels — not only are specialized translators and subtitlers limited but also voice talents, artistic directors, script adaptators, and specialized sound engineers. The growth is outpacing the growth of the workforce because the demand is increasing so fast — we’re in a period of hypergrowth. Technology such as MT or synthetic voices can help to a certain extent, but it’s not there yet to really help with the scalability challenge. We simply need more people in the media localization industry.
Apart from streamlining processes and technology, there are two more human solutions to the challenge of scalability and talent crunch:
Collaboration between the industry and academia is necessary to fill the gap and train a prepared workforce. Several companies are initiating some education-related projects. One way to make sure media localization companies get the best talent is to pay more than their competitors. To do so, they will need to renegotiate rates with clients — an overarching trend we discussed earlier in this report (see “The Great Renegotiation”). And the same applies to media companies. If they want to get the best teams, they need to pay more and renegotiate with their internal stakeholders. It is estimated that just between 0.1% and 1% of the budgets of film and show production goes into localization, so hopefully there’s some room for negotiation. Lowering rates is not an option anymore, and not increasing them is also unsustainable in the long run. Rates need to go back to what is fair for such a hyperspecialized service that requires technical skills, creativity and experience.
Even if media companies are breaking records, gaming is the one (still) leading the way. Video games seem to be everywhere these days, attracting the attention of mainstream media and industries alike. The metaverse, virtual reality, IPs going transmedia, and big tech companies investing in gaming are some of the examples of why gaming is still the coolest kid on the block.
The metaverse seems to be something new and disruptive for many people outside the gaming sphere, but if you are old enough to remember Habbo Hotel or Second life, you will see so many similarities. Too many actually. And that’s bad. The current metaverse is like playing a game on a PlayStation One. Games have evolved so much since then, and Fortnite offers a way better metaverse experience than some of the old-fashioned looking metaverses that are emerging these days. Living a more engaging and complex virtual life is probably something we will experience in the near future, but if we’re going to do this, let’s not reinvent the wheel but rather follow the lead of experts in virtual lives — gamers.
The media industry is hungry for more ideas for stories. Films based on games are nothing new. We have Mortal Kombat, Street Fighter, Tomb Raider, Resident Evil, Prince of Persia, and many more. This continues to be a trend but one that’s even stronger than before. Last year we saw the launch of a world-wide phenomenon: the Netflix Original show Arcane, set in the universe of the competitive game League of Legends by Riot Games. This may be a sign of an effort from streaming platforms to attract the attention of Generation Alpha, who are basically living in their own metaverses already. The Uncharted film was recently released in cinemas, and HBO will air a show based on The Last of Us sometime in 2023. Transmedia seems to be a trend in entertainment that will follow in the upcoming years. That means more complex and multilayered user experiences.
Big tech companies have increasingly shown more interest in gaming as well. Amazon Games has been running since 2012, and they have recently announced that they will give free games to Prime subscribers, probably to increase engagement. Microsoft bought Blizzard-Activision last year, strengthening their position in the gaming space. Apple launched their video game subscription service, Apple Arcade, in 2019. And Netflix announced their game division at the end of 2021. With all these recent moves, we can just reaffirm the belief that the future of the game industry is, indeed, very bright.
How are these microtrends impacting localization, you might ask? Let’s look at the numbers. Keywords Studios, the biggest player in the game localization space, grew around 40% in 2021 compared to 2020, which is a big jump. Of course, their revenues don’t come only from localization, but the same comment could be applied to the rest of the biggest LSPs — they don’t only offer translations, but a wide range of adjacent services to meet their clients’ needs. LSPs are not only localization providers, but partners for global operations. Keywords envisioned this idea of becoming a single platform to meet all outsourcing needs of game developers. And they seem to be having success with this approach so far.
All in all, the consequences of the evolution of gaming will in one way or another impact localization operations. Companies that are not purely gaming-oriented entering the gaming space will bring new ways of working to the already established game localization workflows. For example, asking for more target languages, for more services, bigger word counts, faster turnaround times and so on. This might also pose an operational challenge for enterprises who will have to diversify their vendor pool looking for specialization, and they might have different teams working on the same IPs but on different platforms — one show on Netflix and one game on Xbox. Consistency in terminology, a renewed focus on account management, and also the user experience in general will be objectives to work toward. This year, and in the years to come, we will face exciting challenges in scalability, operations and usage of technology to cater for a delightful user experience in games and media.
Over the last year, Nimdzi participated in various projects with LSPs looking to up their MT game. Through the conversations and consultancy sessions, we have seen LSPs tackle projects such as implementing year-long MT programs, experimenting with customization and MTPE dashboards, deciding on compensation and effort calculation, playing around MT for fuzzy matches. But what about the buyers?
Overall, for 2021, several distinct studies confirmed that what many users want is ease-of-use — being automatically presented with the most suitable MT option for their particular use case. Enterprise-level customers mostly would like not to worry about understanding MT quality metrics, evaluating and comparing MT engines, setting up API keys, or tracking the engines’ performance. Some believe it is the job of the LSP or a collaboration between the provider of the translation management system (TMS), the MT provider, and the LSP.
As we noted in the last edition of the Language Technology Atlas, if companies are looking for high-quality results, they need to invest time in nurturing AI tools from the start: from creating and preparing datasets to technically rolling out a customization initiative at a given enterprise. This is one of the catalysts for the recent developments around MT and data — tech companies as well as modern LSPs have been making an effort to bring secure MT closer to enterprise users. This is also reflected in LSPs developing their own TMX editors to help clean data for MT.
Today's data-driven MT relies on two basic principles:
LSPs, therefore, are hiring more annotators and investing more in data-centric services, sometimes even coming up with special concepts like AI localization (by Pactera EDGE).
Speaking of initiatives around data, Intento MT Studio has released Enhanced Data Cleaning (as well as new metric options). In addition, Intento integrated the entire workflow into one interface, taking away the need to import or export data throughout the project. This is another illustration of tech players bringing MT closer to the user.
In addition to the language technology companies that already help with MT customization (starting with USD 3K per engine), we're also seeing easier, "lighter" plug-and-play solutions around MT and data introduced by LSPs themselves: for example, LSPs launching their own platforms for data labeling.
Another recent example is TAUS’ Data-Enhanced Machine Translation (DEMT). DEMT promises to deliver translation quality similar to the one achieved by post-editing of MT, but delivered virtually in real-time with “prices 50% to 80% lower than the “human-in-the-loop” service.” In DEMT, users select a training dataset, upload a file for MT, then download the ready MT’d file. The BLEU score improvement for the selected dataset is visible prior to making the purchase.
Data has been a powerful driver for MT for several years, but it only recently gained enough momentum to make it a viable option for more LSPs. To summarize, one of the notable trends in MT and data is the IT/LSP symbiosis around enterprise-friendly MT and data solutions.
When it comes to more classic MTPE scenarios, where a professional post-editor (or two) polishes up an MT output, another way of pricing MTPE is picking up steam. Namely, effort-based compensation for human linguists, which is already available in the business models of Lionbridge and Tilde, as well as facilitated by Memsource. Effort-based costs for MTPE, where linguists are compensated for the calculated effort spent on post-editing, can be significantly lower than in a regular scenario — paying for each new word but with an MT discount.
Out of 165 medium-to-large-sized companies identified in 2021, 41.8% are headquartered in Europe and 35.8% in North America. Companies from Asia represent 18.8% of the geographical distribution. Australia & New Zealand host 3.6% of the top players. Africa and South America have not yet produced an LSP that could be included in the Nimdzi 100. There is only one company from the Middle East that has made it into our ranking, and for the second year in a row (BLEND).
Compared to 2020, there is a slight decrease in companies headquartered in North America (37.3% in 2020) and Asia (19.6% in 2020). This difference is made up for by a larger number of LSPs based in Europe and Australia & New Zealand (only 39.9% and 3.3% in 2020 respectively).
We asked survey respondents to indicate the percentage of their revenue derived from customers based in different parts of the world. The results show that in 2021, North America was the region with the largest client base in the industry, followed by Europe and Asia. While the market distribution is similar to the one we observed in 2020, the weight shifted slightly and North America reclaimed its top position from Europe which had the largest client base in 2020.
As the map shows, 41.1% of revenues in 2021 came from clients based in Europe, down from 48.9% in 2020. This slight decline in the European client base seems to have shifted to North America. In 2021, North America accounted for 45.0% of the client base, up from 33.9% in 2020. Given that the US is the largest market for language services by revenue, it makes sense that the majority of clients are based in this region. What might also add to the slight shift we are seeing are increasingly strict regulations in Europe, which may deter LSPs from entering these markets.
Revenues amounting to 12.0% were derived from customers in Asia in 2021 as compared to 14.7% in 2020. Same as in 2020, South America (1.2%), Australia (0.4%), and Africa (0.3%), are the smallest regions in terms of client base in 2020.
Throughout 2021, the world continued to deal with COVID-19 in waves. Life seemed to return to relative normalcy for extended periods of time, but people were still faced with lockdowns and restrictions as case numbers surged. Experiences have been far from uniform across the world, but one thing has been consistent: unpredictability.
Experiences in the business world have been just as varied. Certainly, just about every company was affected in some way by COVID-19, but across different regions, different industries, and different companies sizes, the opportunities and challenges were diverse. Some people have continued to work remotely; others have returned to face-to-face service delivery. Many industries saw new or continuing growth as we emerged from the pandemic; others have not yet made a full recovery. Ultimately though, everyone has settled into the ‘new normal’, and life has gone on.
Where last year we unpacked how the language industry was impacted by the pandemic, this year we explored the post-COVID experiences and what the path forward might look like.
It’s no secret that many companies took a hit in the first half of 2020. However, as we reported in last year’s edition of the Nimdzi 100, recovery was already evident in the industry by the end of 2020. This trend has continued, with a whopping 90% of our survey respondents reporting that their business has now gotten back to pre-COVID-19 levels. Of those yet to fully recover, 50% expect to see this happen in 2023.
Profitability has also boomed since 2020 — another very promising sign that the industry is on the right track. Only 8.5% of companies reported decreased profitability in 2021, down from almost 19% last year, and the number of companies that reported increased profitability rose from 45.5% to 66.7%.
The nitty-gritty numbers also add gravity to these figures. On average, in 2021 profitability increased by an impressive 56.2%, while the average decrease in productivity was only -14.7%. The results from our survey also show that, of companies yet to return to their pre-COVID-19 levels, only one company reported decreased profitability in the past year.
As predicted last year, the vast majority of companies (75%) have embraced the advantages of remote work, offering a hybrid model for employees moving forward. What this looks like in practice will differ from company to company. Interestingly, the remaining companies are split exactly equally, with half reporting that they will continue to work predominantly online, and half saying they are either back in the office already or are currently planning their return.
‘Technology’ is a pretty broad term within our industry. It encompasses everything from workflow systems and automation to translation tools, service delivery solutions, machine learning, and beyond.
Of course, the importance of technology and the opportunity it presents for language service providers is nothing new, and, after two years of predominantly remote service delivery, it perhaps comes as no surprise that its importance is currently front-of-mind for growth strategists. In any case, overall acknowledgment of it as a catalyst for revenue growth increased in the last 12 months. More than three-quarters of LSPs are now investing in technology as part of their growth strategy.
Surprise, surprise. We’re talking about remote services yet again. We’ll stop harping on about it soon, but it really wouldn’t be right to ignore it in the context of COVID-19, right?
Out of all the new requests that companies received over the past year, remote services were named most frequently. Remote interpreting (especially VRI) is, perhaps unsurprisingly, the most common of these, but survey respondents also reported new requests for virtual event management and e-learning solutions. Companies that already offered these services had a natural advantage at the beginning of the pandemic. However, we are now seeing strategic expansion into these areas by other companies who want to take advantage of the new demand.
Whether this demand will endure once the world returns to more in-person activities and events, however, remains to be seen.
Perhaps the clearest trend among survey respondents this year was LSPs embracing new opportunities to expand their business by venturing into new markets, verticals, and service lines.
To illustrate, in the past year, 64.2% of companies have added new services (by contrast, only 40.7% are actively focusing on their core competencies), 54.3% are looking to expand into new markets (double the number of companies that are focusing on their domestic market), and 49.4% have diversified their client base.
It is reasonable to assume that the pandemic-driven increase in remote services and solutions has helped make international expansion more attractive and achievable. Especially for smaller LSPs, who may not have had the financial muscles to establish a physical presence in multiple regions.
As was the case in 2020, companies continued to invest in sales and marketing throughout 2021. Roughly seven in ten companies have added new sales channels (14.8%), expanded sales and marketing teams (35.8%), or done both (22.2%). Investing in sales has always been a smart growth strategy, and this is especially true today. The industry has been through some exciting but massive changes, so a solid sales team is critical to continue driving growth and supporting clients in such an unpredictable environment.
In a diverse industry, it can sometimes feel like the list of trends is endless. New hypes are springing up all the time, but which ones are worth paying attention to and which ones are just smoke and mirrors?
Let’s start with what is probably the most hyped trend in early 2022 — the metaverse. What the metaverse promises is to be the future of the internet, which will provide a completely immersive experience in the virtual world and one where everyone and everything is connected. So far so good. While some hype it as the next best thing after sliced bread and a place with unlimited business opportunities, others question if the metaverse is really that different from the internet we already have today.
One example that illustrates the opportunities the metaverse holds well, is the fashion industry. Already, fashion brands are making millions of dollars by selling virtual items of clothing in the metaverse. Not for people to wear, but for their avatars — or even better, selling both the real item and the virtual item so that the person and their avatar are perfectly matched (a new trend). In addition, high-end fashion brands are putting on virtual fashion shows.
To some reading this, the idea of paying for virtual clothing might sound crazy. For others it might sound like the sky's the limit as far as business opportunities are concerned. But for others — namely gamers — it might just sound like yesterday’s news.
It is estimated that three billion people in the world regularly play video games and that gaming has become the leading form of entertainment across all age groups. The metaverse has grown out of gaming, and in the gaming world it certainly is nothing new to buy virtual items. In fact, gamers around the world spend over USD 100 billion a year on virtual goods.
So, what does this mean for the localization industry? One thing is certain and that is that more content always means more demand for localization services down the line. If brands are selling to end-users in the metaverse, the same rules apply as in any other localization scenario: global brands that want to provide a truly personalized experience that reaches people, need to speak to consumers in their own languages.
Will this disrupt the localization industry? Hardly. It may very well be that what happens in the metaverse just translates into yet another different format of content that can be funneled into “classic” localization workflows. For the language services industry the key may not be to try and picture all that is possible in the metaverse (much of which we cannot yet fully wrap our brains around anyway), but rather to keep a close eye on adoption and adjacent tech trends (e.g. VR or AR headsets) so that they are ready when clients inevitably come calling, asking to localize their own specific version of the metaverse experience.
Continuous localization has become one of those buzzwords that seems to continuously pop up in conversations across the industry. The question, however, is — is it really (still) that different from localization? Isn’t it rather that these days, continuous localization is what localization has evolved into? Similarly to the way that neural machine translation (NMT) is just the latest version of machine translation (MT)?
Five years ago continuous localization still meant something in the sense that it was not the norm yet and made for something to advertise and brag about. However, these days it is more or less expected that a localization program will be continuous and agile.
What continuous localization should also imply is some form of tech enabled workflow that allows for a high number of handoffs, no minimum fees, and low word counts. For instance, instead of weekly handoffs with 10,000 words, it’s 10 handoffs per day, each with 200 words.
Windows 95 was sold in a box at your local consumer electronics store. Today, Windows updates constantly via the internet and localization has adapted to that. With content coming at us, the consumers, hard and fast from every angle in an uninterrupted flow, continuous localization may very well be the new default setting.
As the dangers related to the climate crisis are becoming more tangible, the topic is increasingly moving into the focus of public debate, and activists around the globe are urging governments to hold large corporations accountable for their share of the situation. Subsequently, what used to be a nice-to-have tag on a website or social media account might just become a must-have. In conversations with industry players, it has become clear that being sustainable is becoming a key consideration in companies’ strategy in order to attract more clients.
Green policies, environmental initiatives, or ISO 14 001 mean that clients in a number of sectors need to have an effective environmental management system in place. These eco-friendly programs focus on making more environmentally conscious choices, including minimizing energy and water waste, reducing business waste, impact sourcing, supporting local communities, and many other activities.
What’s more, global businesses insist that their partners and the whole supply chain follow the same or similar principles. Strong Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) with a focus on sustainable business practices plays a vital role when potential clients are choosing their vendors. And, it doesn’t end here — sustainability is not only an outward-facing strategy but an internal one as well, as people are increasingly looking for an employer with values similar to their own, who is socially and environmentally conscious. In times of the Great Resignation, this factor has become even more relevant.
With all the talk of content creation, we would be remiss not to address the latest hype in this field — AI-generated content, specifically via OpenAI’s latest model GPT-3 (stands for Generative Pre-trained Transformer 3). While more primitive language-generators have existed for a few years now, GPT-3 is hyped as a game changer. The language model which uses deep learning to produce human-like text can process 175 billion parameters (the previous version could handle 1.5 billion) and is predominantly intended as a tool to assist writers and solve the issue of writer’s block.
Tests done to date, such as by a writer from the Washington Post (see here), are admittedly impressive. So impressive in fact, that you might be forgiven for thinking that this is the answer to the mountains of requests for original content creation that are starting to pile up. But not so fast. While impressive, and at times eerily close to the style of the original authors the machine was fed with, GPT-3 is, for now, mostly geared toward fiction. Because, while the AI tool is good at style, it is lacking in substance. In that sense, it is more of a tool that enables writing rather than replaces writers.
Tests done by Nimdzi show that, at least for now, GPT-3 is not fit to produce any kind of content that has value for stakeholders in the language industry and its end clients. However, given the speed at which this kind of technology is evolving, the sky may just be the limit.
A common theme identified on calls with LSPs of all sizes — whether that was during briefings for this report or other calls throughout the year — was that people are the biggest assets of any business. Similarly, when we interview leaders in the language industry for our C-Suite HotSeat show and ask what success means to them, the majority of C-level executives mention the well-being of their employees. It sounds like every employee’s dream, but, how much of this is a reality and how much of it is just a buzzword?
There is a myriad of studies about mental health issues and burnout in the workplace. To name just two, a study by McKinsey found that almost half of all employees experience various levels of burnout, and a study by Deloitte with over one thousand respondents found that as many as 77% respondents reported having experienced burnout at their current job, mostly due to overwhelming levels of stress.
Considering statistics like these, one cannot help but wonder if anyone is actually acting on the people-centricity mantra that is being thrown around and praised so often. The language industry is a people-focused business and as we established earlier in this report, talent is becoming increasingly scarce. This makes you ask yourself: How people-centric is your business really? Who is brave enough to not just talk the talk but also walk the walk?
The past two years have been chaotic and challenging but were also marked by innovation and ingenuity. While many LSPs struggled to adapt their business to the rapidly changing environment in 2020, our data show that in 2021 the industry reaped the rewards. In many areas, growth was accelerated beyond expectations, and as companies learned to adapt their business models and services to meet the new demands of buyers, the vast majority have not only simply recovered but rather have seen record growth over the past year.
LSPs who added new service lines or virtual platforms over the last two years are unlikely to take them down again post-pandemic. What this means is that these companies are now in a position to offer a wider range of services to their clients, thereby increasing the likelihood of both client retention as well as new customer acquisition.
The end of the COVID-19 pandemic is perhaps not in sight yet, but the biggest upheavals are behind us. The focus has shifted toward recovery and companies are working on solutions for the medium- and long-term future. Hopefully one with fewer blindsiding changes, but with just as much opportunity for ingenuity and innovation.
Language technology providers are scrambling to jump on the speech-to-text bandwagon which means users can view machine-generated live subtitles (translated from the original) as well as multilingual captions (monolingual transcripts available for different languages)of speeches in their preferred language.
This report is the first in an ongoing Business Confidence Study series that Nimdzi is kicking off to keep a pulse on the industry.
Cologne-based DeepL has announced the beta launch of DeepL Write, an AI-powered authoring tool intended to improve texts by fixing errors and making suggestions for word replacements while keeping an eye on style, grammar and formatting.